Forest soils аnd phytocoenological characteristics of black pine in the area of Ozren

  • Velibor Blagojević PFE "Šume Republike Srpske"
  • Zoran Govedar University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Forestry, S. Stepanovića 75A, 78000 Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina; email: zoran.govedar@sf.unibl.org
Keywords: soil, forest ecosystems, Ozren, forest plant communities and floristic composition

Abstract

The paper presents a forest land and phytocoenological characteristics Ozren mountain. Тhe diversity of Ozren soils cover is conditioned by the specific ecological conditions. The pedogenetic factors with the highest effect on the soils differentiation are parent rock and relief. Peridotite and serpentinized peridotite are the most widespread geological substrate in the forest ecosystem Ozren. For peridotite studied are the following basic types of land: rankers, brown eutric land and pseudogley. In the basic types are defined below systematic units: sub-, varieties and forms. On the mountain of Ozren and studied three forest fitocenoze to: black pine forest (Pinetum nigrae serpentinicum subas. typicum Stefanović, 1962.) on rankers over the peridotite, black pine forest (Pinetum nigrae serpentinicum subas. daphnetosum blagayane Stefanović, 1962.) on the medium deep brown soil over the peridotite and black pine forest (Pinetum nigrae serpentinicum subas. callunetosum Bojadžić, 1975.) on the pseudogley over the peridotite.

Published
2009-12-30
Section
Original Scientific Papers